In recent years, several antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) were approved across a variety of solid tumors. This presents challenges when managing a multitude of treatment-related adverse events, some of which may lead clinicians into unfamiliar territory. This series of educational activities focuses on appropriate management of ADC-related adverse events in breast, lung, gastric, and bladder cancers.
TROP2-Directed ADCs in Bladder Cancer
TROP2-Directed ADCs in Bladder Cancer
Welcome to CME on ReachMD. This episode is part of our MinuteCME curriculum and is titled “TROP2-Directed ADCs in Bladder Cancer”.
Prior to beginning the activity, please be sure to review the faculty and commercial support disclosure statements as well as the learning objectives.
Antibody-drug conjugates, or ADCs, have been around for over 20 years, and 2 ADCs have received FDA approval for metastatic bladder cancer. Patients have experienced significantly improved overall survival with the ADCs. But while the novel mechanism of these ADCs allows for cytotoxic agents to be delivered to cancer cells and limits the overabundance of toxicities, there are still adverse events that we as caregivers need to know how to manage. So let's dive straight in.
This is CME on ReachMD. And I'm Dr. Gopa Iyer.
Sacituzumab govitecan, or SG, received accelerated approval for metastatic bladder cancer. SG binds to TROP-2, a protein found on the surface of many bladder cancer cells, and carries a payload known as SN-38. SN-38 is the active metabolite of irinotecan, a topoisomerase inhibitor.
Common side effects observed with SG include neutropenia, diarrhea, and nausea and vomiting. SG is considered moderately emetogenic, and so appropriate antiemetic agents should be administered intravenously with treatment, including dexamethasone and a 5-HT3 agonist. Patients should also be prescribed as-needed antiemetics for breakthrough nausea.
Diarrhea can be acute or delayed. Intravenous atropine should be used to manage acute diarrhea, while oral loperamide and other antimotility agents can be used as needed for delayed diarrhea. Routine prophylaxis with antimotility agents is not recommended in patients who have never experienced diarrhea. Patients should be instructed to call immediately with associated worrisome signs or symptoms such as melena or bright red blood, and also if they are unable to make up for fluid losses from severe diarrhea.
Severe and/or life-threatening neutropenia has been observed with SG as well as febrile neutropenia. While prophylaxis with growth factor support is not recommended, once patients develop prolonged or severe neutropenia, G-CSF [granulocyte colony-stimulating factor] should be given with future SG infusions.
Unfortunately, that's all the time we have today. So I want to leave you with this final take-home message. Both EV [enfortumab vedotin] and SG have specific side effect profiles that are related in part to the different cytotoxic payloads of these compounds. It is essential for care providers to familiarize themselves with these toxicities and monitor for them routinely in patients receiving these drugs. Most side effects can be managed successfully if caught early and treated immediately. And a multidisciplinary approach is highly recommended to the management of such toxicities.
Thank you for your attention and have a wonderful day.
You have been listening to CME on ReachMD. This activity is provided by Prova Education and is part of our MinuteCME curriculum.
To receive your free CME credit, or to download this activity, go to ReachMD.com/Prova. Thank you for listening.
In accordance with the ACCME Standards for Integrity and Independence, Global Learning Collaborative (GLC) requires that individuals in a position to control the content of an educational activity disclose all relevant financial relationships with any ineligible company. GLC mitigates all conflicts of interest to ensure independence, objectivity, balance, and scientific rigor in all its educational programs.
Jaffer A. Ajani, MD
Professor, Department of Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology
Division of Cancer Medicine
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Research: Daiichi Sankyo
Consulting Fees: AstraZeneca, Daiichi Sankyo
Justin Gainor, MD
Director, Center for Thoracic Cancers
Director, Targeted Immunotherapy
Massachusetts General Hospital
Contracted Research: Adaptimmune, Alexo, Ariad/Takeda, Array, BMS, Blueprint, Genentech/ Roche, Jounce, Merck, Moderna, Novartis, Scholar Rock, and Tesaro
Consulting Fees: Agios, Amgen, Ariad/Takeda, Array, AstraZeneca, BMS, Clovis Oncology, EMD Serono, Genentech, Glyde Bio, Helsinn, Incyte, Jounce, Karyopharm, Loxo, Merck, Mirati, Novartis, Oncorus, Pfizer, and Regeneron
Sara Hurvitz, MD
Professor of Medicine
David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA
Santa Monica, CA
Contracted Research: Ambrx, Amgen, Arvinas, AstraZeneca, Bayer, CytomX, Daiichi Sankyo, Dignitana, Eli Lilly, Genentech/Roche, Gilead, GSK, Immunomedics, MacroGenics, Novartis, OBI Pharma, Orinove, Pfizer, Phoenix Molecular Designs, Ltd., Pieris, PUMA, Radius, Sanofi, Seattle Genetics/Seagen, Zymeworks
Preclinical Work: Ambrx, Samumed
National/International PI: Daiichi Sankyo, GNE/Roche, Novartis, SeaGen
Steering Committee: Daiichi-Sankyo/AZ, GNE/Roche, Lilly, Novartis, Sanofi
Uncompensated consulting/ad boards: 4DPharma, Ambrx, Amgen, Artios, Arvinas, Biotheranostics, Daiichi Sankyo, Dantari, Eli Lilly, Genentech/Roche, Immunomedics, MacroGenics, NKMax, Novartis, Pieris, Pyxis, Seagen
Gopa Iyer, MD
Associate Attending Physician
Section Head, Urothelial Carcinoma
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
New York, NY
Research: Aadi Biosciences, Janssen, Mirati Therapeutics, SeaGen
Consulting Fees: Basilea, EMD Serono, Flare Therapeutics, Gilead, Loxo Oncology, Silverback Therapeutics, The Lynx Group
- Jorge Bacigalupo, PSM has nothing to disclose.
- Cindy Davidson has nothing to disclose.
- Ann Early has nothing to disclose.
- Nicole Fox, DNP, MSN-Ed., RN, OCN has nothing to disclose.
- Anna Trentini has nothing to disclose.
After participating in this educational activity, participants should be better able to:
- Describe the components of an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) that may cause adverse events (AEs)
- Recognize AEs that lead to treatment interruption or discontinuation
- Recommend an approach for managing the key AEs associated with ADCs
- Design a mitigation plan for AEs in patients at high risk for ADC-related AEs
This activity is designed to meet the educational needs of medical oncologists, pulmonologists, urologists, pathologists, oncology nurse practitioners, physician assistants, oncology nurses, oncology pharmacists, and other HCPs managing patients with solid tumors.
In support of improving patient care, Global Learning Collaborative (GLC) is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.
Global Learning Collaborative (GLC) designates this Enduring activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
Global Learning Collaborative (GLC) designates this activity for 1 hour of nursing contact hours. Nurses should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
Global Learning Collaborative (GLC) has been authorized by the American Academy of PAs (AAPA) to award AAPA Category 1 CME credit for activities planned in accordance with AAPA CME Criteria. This activity is designated for 1 AAPA Category 1 CME credits. Approval is valid until 06/30/2023. PAs should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
This curriculum has been approved for 1.0 contact hours 0.1 CEUs by Global Learning Collaborative (GLC). GLC is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education as a provider of continuing pharmacy education. The Universal Activity Number for this program is UAN JA0006235-0000-22-029-H01-P. This learning activity is enduring-based. Your CE credits will be electronically submitted to the NABP upon successful completion of the activity. Pharmacists with questions can contact NABP customer service (firstname.lastname@example.org).
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This activity is supported by independent educational grants from AstraZeneca and Daiichi Sankyo.
The views and opinions expressed in this educational activity are those of the faculty and do not necessarily represent the views of GLC and Prova Education. This presentation is not intended to define an exclusive course of patient management; the participant should use his/her clinical judgment, knowledge, experience, and diagnostic skills in applying or adopting for professional use any of the information provided herein. Any procedures, medications, or other courses of diagnosis or treatment discussed or suggested in this activity should not be used by clinicians without evaluation of their patients’ conditions and possible contraindications or dangers in use, review of any applicable manufacturer’s product information, and comparison with recommendations of other authorities. Links to other sites may be provided as additional sources of information. Once you elect to link to a site outside of Prova Education you are subject to the terms and conditions of use, including copyright and licensing restriction, of that site.
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